Thyroid gland

THYROID GLAND DISODER

Thyroid gland problems are after diabetes most common disoders of inside secrements. The main problem is lower or higer function of thyroid gland. Early symptoms are easily overlooked.

PLACEMENT OF THYROID GLAND


Thyroid gland is situated in lower throath under  larynx and is shape of butterfly. Its function is to gather Iodine from blood to produce hormones:

  • thyroxine
  • triiodthyroxine



These hormones regulate energy expenditure in almost all organs and the body cells.

THE THYROID GLAND FUNCTION

Function of thyroid gland is controlled by special hypophysal hormone. Hypophysis is one of the important organs, which controls many body functions. A change of having thyroid gland diosoder is 4 times higher with women than men. The main problem is, that immunity system does not accept thyroid gland as part of our body and creates antibodies against it. The problems occure as soon as the tyroid gland starts to be less or more active.

HYPOFUNCTION OF THYROID GLAND

Ill human body is weaker, more sensitive to cold, suffers from weariness, lost vitality, memory problems, weigt gaining.

Other symptoms:

  • dry skin
  • bad nails
  • constipation
  • muscle pains
  • heart problems
  • irregular and strong period
  • depression
  • still birth of infants
  • conception problems
  • higher risk of abortion

This condition cannot be cure, but the hormone can be replaced by medicine, however the dosage must be watched. Beacause too much supply of hormone causes osteoporosis and heart arrhytmia, on the other hand too little o fit increases blood pressure and cholesterol level.

HYPERFUNCTION OF THYROID GLAND

Symptoms are opposite to hypofunction

  • fast heart beat
  • nervousness and irritation
  • feeling warm
  • muscle weakness
  • soft nails
  • hair loss
  • weight loss without eating less
  • women have shorter intervals between period, less bleeding

Ways of curing Thyroid gland hyperfunction 

  • taking radioactive Iodine to release function of thyroid gland
  • taking medicine to stop hormone overproduction
  • Thyroid gland surgical remove

Thyroid gland problems can be found out by blood tests. The most sensitive test states amount of hormone, which stimulates thyroid gland and is removed from body by hypophysis. When the thyroid gland doesn‘t work properly, amount of this hormone is high. Low amount occurs when hyperfunction.



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